Animal Farming as A Way of Economic Liberation in Bangladesh
Animal farming generally refers to the care and management of animals for milk, meat, egg, fiber, and other products. Animal farming in Bangladesh may include dairy farming, poultry farming, fish farming, and bee farming.
Different statistics evident that about 2.9% of the national GDP of Bangladesh comes from the livestock sector and its annual growth rate is 5.5% ( Banglapedia, 2020). About 20% of the total population of Bangladesh generate their livelihood by rearing and raising cattle and poultry( Bangladedia). There is an estimated shortage account for 88.1% for meat, 85.9% for milk, and 70.7% for eggs in Bangladesh. These pieces of evidence boldly state the necessity of animal farming in Bangladesh. Experts opined that depending on the species and product of an animal, an increase in investment in livestock research and extension by 1tk will result in a return of 1.42 to 3.15 to per year( Banglapedia).
That’s why in a country like Bangladesh where the rate of unemployment is approximately 4.25% in the year 2020, ( Plecher, 2020) animal farming can contribute a lot in income-generating. Among the total unemployed people, 38.6% are only university graduates who are unemployed (BIRD, 2020). Thus, animal farming can be an effective way for the economic liberation of countries like Bangladesh.
Equipment needed for livestock farming
- Weight measurement machine
- Milking stool
- Trocar and cannula
- Wool Shears
- Chain and chain binder
- Nose ring
- Strip Cup
- Union Scoop
- Hoof trimming tools.
Economic Benefits of Animal Farming
- Animal farming can be a good source of income generation for rural housewives and unemployed youths. Livestock produces milk, egg, meat, wool, and so on. These products can be used for home consumption and for sale also. If they are consumed at home, it will save cash and if they are sold, they will increase the income of that household.
- These increasing income helps to enhance the status of the household.
- Besides producing milk, egg, and meat, livestock yield manure which can be used as fertilizer. It will save money and it’s an environmentally sustainable method.
- Animal production increases the supply of animal protein which will help to prevent malnutrition in those households. Since the diets of developing countries are comparatively poor than those of the developed countries, animal farming can contribute to increasing the quality of food consumption in developing countries.
- By-products of animal farming like Wool, Hides, Skins can be processed. These can work as raw material for many other industries.
Opportunities in Animal Farming in Bangladesh
Many farmers in our country keep cattle in their home and use them for plowing. The basic need for animal farming is food for cattle. Most of the farmers of our country can meet this need for food by providing straw from their own lands. In the case of poultry farming, most of the food of poultry can be provided from the own reservation of the farmers. Moreover, the subtropical monsoon climate of Bangladesh is favorable for animal farming. Therefore animal farming is profitable in Bangladesh.
Animal farming is not a new phenomenon in the rural context of Bangladesh. As the population of Bangladesh is increasing, it results in the increasing need for milk, meat, egg, etc. Besides providing food and other products, animal farming can help income-generating rural housewives and unemployed youths. Thus, in recent years the government of Bangladesh has given much priority to animal farming to achieve economic liberation.