Benefits of Organic Farming for Sustainable Agriculture
Before we know the benefits of Organic farming, we need to know What is Organic farming? So, Organic farming is an approach of a farming system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity without the use of chemical inputs.
Benefits of Organic Farming:
• Organic farming increases the soil’s physical properties such as good tilts, good aeration, easy root penetration and enhances the water-holding capacity.
• It also improves soil’s chemical properties such as supply and retention of soil nutrients and promotes favorable chemical reactions.
• It conserves soil moisture and also increases the water-holding capacity in soil.
• It helps to retain clay material to improve drought-resistant capacity in soil. As a result, plants get adequate moisture for their growth and reproduction.
• Organic Farming also controls pests and disease organisms with the help of some methods such as biological pest control and Integrated Pest Management.
• Organic farming uses carbons based fertilizers and do not use synthetic fertilizers. Some plants that can be used for biological pest control such as Neem (Azadirachta indica).
Crop Diversity is one of the important benefits of Organic farming for Sustainable Agriculture :
Crop diversity can be seen in organic farming. In conventional farming mass production of one crop in one location is focused while in organic farming, it is possible to grow multiple crops in the same place at a time. Organic farming uses a method like green manure and composting which replaces nutrients taken from the soil from the previous crops, organic farming relies on the natural breakdown of organic matter and hence allows the production of nutrients in the soil. It improves soil fertility and adequate nutrients to the soil for plants. Organic farming is one of the workable methods for soil management.
• Organic foods are rich in nutritional value and also free from harmful fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides.
• Biological farming improves the quality and taste of food and ensures food purity and protects from harmful diseases.
• Organic agriculture is climate and ecologically friendly. It decreases human and animal health hazards by reducing the level of residues in the product. For those above benefits, the demand for organic food is increasing day by day.
• Organic Farming is a cost-effective method. It reduces the cost of production to a great extend for sustainable agriculture…
• It ensures the optimum utilization of natural resources for short term benefit.
• Organic farming reduces the use of Synthetic fertilizers and pesticides and protects soil health.
• It increases public awareness about the harmful consequences of consuming pesticides.
• Rotten fruits and vegetables are a good source of organic fertilizer. It has opened up great opportunities for home gardens and rooftop gardens.
• In the international market, the demand for organic products is increasing day by day. Several European nations, Japan, and other countries are ready to pay a premium price for organic imports.
• It not only saves energy for both animals and machines but also reduces the risk of crop failure.
• Maintaining environmental conditions by reducing the level of pollution is also a key benefit of organic farming.
• Organic agriculture reduces the use of non-renewable energy sources by using organic fertilizers and reducing the consumption of agricultural chemicals.
•Farming also helps to reduce the greenhouse effect.
• It fights with the effects of global warming and climate change and helps to keep the environment clean.
• Using fertilizers and pesticides groundwater is polluted, but organic farming replaces it with organic fertilizers hence it helps to prevent water pollution.
• Ecological services such as soil forming and conditioning, waste recycling, nutrient cycling, Stabilization of soil, carbon sequestration, predation, pollination, and habitats are promoted by using organic farming.
• Organic farming builds healthy soil and combating soil erosion.
• Discouraging algal blooms
By the benefits of Organic farming, the taste and quality of food have improved and Organic farming is environmentally and ecologically friendly. The continuous use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides during the past few decades has caused soils to be less healthy and inactive with declining production levels. Turning back to organic methods is the only way back to economic farming in the coming days. If you want to know more about modern Agricultural Technology and their uses for achieving Sustainable Agriculture you may CLICK HERE.
Finally, we can say, ORGANIC FARMING IS THE ONLY OPTION WE HAVE LEFT FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE.