The Importance of Vertical Farming in Developing Countries like Bangladesh
What is Vertical Farming
Vertical farming is the practice of growing and managing crops in vertically stacked layers. It is known as the production of food and vegetable items on vertically inclined surfaces. Instead of cultivating vegetables and other food items in the field or greenhouse, it is an easy process.
This method generates food in vertically arranged layers integrated with other structures such as buildings, shipping containers, or re-selected warehouses. It facilitates viable agricultural production inside buildings within urban areas.
It is a sort of urban agriculture. It incorporates controlled-environment agriculture. That promotes soilless farming techniques like hydroponics, aquaponics, and aeroponics. Some common choices structures to deal with the systems include buildings, shipping containers, tunnels. The ongoing implementation of agricultural technologies like specified LED lights has resulted in over ten times the crop yield through traditional agro farming methods.
Why Vertical Farming
Agriculture is the main economic base of developing countries. It is a vital means of developing their food security, export earnings, and quality of life. But the sector is under threat from the rapidly growing population. Predominantly in a country whose agricultural land is precise. When it declines, things like food security and national income fall rapidly. Vertical farming can become a blessing for them.
Besides, it will play an important role in land management, food security, and productivity growth in developing countries. It can become an alternative means of improving the living standard. And meeting nutritional needs. Not only that, it will increase the country’s export earnings as well as play a supportive role in expanding export-oriented trade. In addition to that, it is an encouraging measure in maintaining the environment.
The Importance of Vertical Farming in Developing Countries like Bangladesh, India, Srilanka, Philippines, etc.
Increases Land Use Efficiency
The population growth rate in developing countries is high. So, they are struggling to meet the food security of the population through conventional agriculture. In this case, the concept of vertical agriculture can be considered the pros and cons of a milestone that will give them a different look at land management. It opens new horizons of land use. This practice increases the land use capacity of the countries. That’s because vertical farming allows multiple crops to be grown in a small area.
Vertical Agriculture technology is increasing crop yield that comes with a smaller unit area of land. As a result, people can meet food security and nutritional needs. People can carry out the practice on their roofs or inside the buildings. That will increase our land-use efficiency. Vertical farming facilitates sustainable agriculture. And it promotes the mass production of vegetable products inside of buildings. The amount of vegetable produce per square meter of vertical agriculture is approximately the same as per square meter of conventionally worked farmland. It will play a groundbreaking role in increasing agricultural production. Summer squash, Herbs, Peppers, Lettuce, Eggplant, Spinach, Cantaloupe, Tomatoes, English Cucumbers, Strawberries, Microgreens & sprouts Mushrooms can be grown through a vertical agriculture system.
Resistance to Weather
Conventional agriculture is a practice in open spaces or outside. So it has to face various natural calamities. There is a risk of declining production. But vertical farming is done in buildings or protected areas.
So it has a low chance to be affected by bad weather. Moreover, it is best for disaster-prone developing countries like Bangladesh. It is free from various natural calamities such as floods, droughts, storms, tidal surges, river erosion, cold spells, and fires.
Lots of space is needed to practice conventional agriculture. As a result, the flora and fauna of the area are under threat. Adverse effects on the environment and surroundings of those areas found.
Moreover, in vertical farming, there is no risk of these losses. This technique reduces conventional plowing, planting, and harvesting by farm machinery. It also protects the soil and reduces emissions.
Comparatively, vertical farming would cause minimal harm to wildlife because it uses limited space. As a result, the habitat is being safe. Rapid and unplanned urbanization in developing countries has resulted in a shortage of agricultural land. This Vertical agriculture technique is so important to get rid of this problem and in the expansion of greenery.
A vertical farm uses 95% less water in comparison. Due to indoor plant production, it needs virtually no herbicides and pesticides. It makes the year-round cultivation of food possible and adaptable to a variety of crops. The primary focus of vertical farming is on optimal plant growth while using natural resources, like sunlight. That’s why vertical farm production is no longer dependent on using fossil resources. Besides, vertical agriculture can solve the deforestation and desertification problems.
Finally, It can be said that The vertical farming idea is still relatively new. But it can be easily determined how important a role it plays in the future to face the challenges of growing food demand. However, the technologies developed for vertical farms are also being adopted by other parts of the indoor farming sector, like greenhouses, which can utilize natural sunlight, albeit requiring much more real estate and market.