Modern Agricultural Technology and Their Uses
Modern Agricultural Technology plays a crucial role in any given economy, especially agriculture contributes to the economy of developing countries like Bangladesh. According to FAO, More than 60 percent of the world’s population depends on agriculture for survival ( Zavatta, 2014).
This is the time of modern Agricultural Technology and science. In agriculture, technology can be used for different purposes such as herbicide, improved seed, decrease labor, and so on. The use of technologies in agriculture has shown miracles. For example, farmers now can grow crops in those areas where they couldn’t think of growing crops. It has become possible with the blessing of agricultural biotechnology.
Agricultural development is one of the most powerful tools to end extreme poverty, boost shared prosperity, and feed a projected 9.7 billion people by 2050 ( World Bank, 2020). Growth in the agricultural sector needs the appropriate use of modern technology. Over years many modern technologies have been innovated to boost prosperity in agricultural sectors. Since technology advances, farming has become mechanized. The introduction of precise farm technologies has brought revolutionary changes to farming.
Here’s a list of some Modern Agricultural Technology and their uses in the agricultural sector.
The tractor is an engineering farm vehicle that is used for planting, plowing, tilling, disking, harrowing, and pulling or pushing agricultural machinery or trailers.
Unmanned aerial vehicles ( UAV) are generally known as drones. They are small and light and are capable of flying at high altitudes. They can carry various navigation systems as well as recording devices. That’s why they can capture high resolution and low-cost images of corp conditions. Drones can be used for scouting land and crops, checking for weeds and spots which may treat plants, monitoring the health of crops, managing livestock, and so on.
GIS stands for Geographic Information System. A geographic information system (GIS) is a computer system that is used to capture, store, check, and display data related to positions on the Earth’s surface ( Calderon L, 2020). Agricultural GIS can be used for effective crop yield estimation, soil amendment analyses, and erosion identification, and remediation. GIS resources help farmers to manage crop forecasts and manage their agricultural production using multispectral images collected by satellite. Using Geomatics Technology, GIS enables the farmers to map and project current and future fluctuations in precipitation, temperature, crop output, etc.
Automatic Inrow Weeder:
The automatic in-row weeder is one kind of farm vehicle that is used to remove weeds in between rows as well as in between plants on the same row. It is very much effective in reducing labor costs as well as chemical usage.
Agricultural robots are playing a vital role as Modern Agricultural Technology:
Agricultural robots are also known as Agbots. Agbots are machines that can be used to automate agricultural processes, such as harvesting, fruit picking, plowing, soil maintenance, weeding, planting, irrigation, etc. That means Agbots are used instead of using manual or animal power. It makes farming easier and has increased productivity largely.
This technology is used to plant rice seedlings using less labor in less time. The distance from the line to line is 30 cm and the distance from seedling to seedling is 15-23 cm maintained.
Tractor cum trailer:
Seeds are sown directly with the addition of different types of seed drillers.
Sugar Beet Diffuser:
The cassette is first made through slicers to extract the juice from the sugar beet. The sugar beet juice is then ascended from the cassette through the diffuser in the process of diffusion.
The name derives from three separate harvesting operations; Reaping, Threshing, and Winnowing. The Combined harvester turns these three operations into a single process.
Temperature sensor refers to any electronic device that can be used for measuring the temperature of its environment and further convert the input data into electronic data to record, monitor, or signal the changes in temperature. These Sensors are prepared to measure the temperature of plants, soil, or water.
It is called a power tiller powered rice and wheat harvester. This Crop cutter is capable of harvesting one acre of paddy in 3-4 hours and saves labor cost and harvesting time.
Grass roll harvester:
Straw in bunches has less value because collecting them is time-consuming. so farmers often burn and destroy them. Grass roll harvesters can harvest grasses and straw as well as make a hip of grasses that can move one place to another place easily.
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Why should Modern Agricultural Technology be adopted?
- Increases crop productivity
- Decreases use of water, fertilizer, and pesticides, which in turn keeps food prices down
- Reduced impact on natural ecosystems
- Less runoff of chemicals into rivers and groundwater
- Increased worker safety
- Reduced environmental and ecological impact
Since you have read this content you are interested in Agriculture. If you are a student of agriculture or a related field, You have many career opportunities. Just stick with this.