Nutrition Facts, Health Benefits and Production Technology of Pumpkin

          

Pumpkin, scientific name Cucurbita moschata. It is also known as sweet gourd. The origin of the pumpkin is Central America or the northern part of South America. Apart from pumpkin fry and curry, it is also common to eat it stuffed. However, in many countries it is also used in desserts, soups and salads.

Nutrition

Nutritional value of every 100 grams of sweet pumpkin

  • Dietary energy 26 kcal,
  • Protein 1 g, sugar 5 g, 
  • Fiber 0.5 g, 
  • Fat 0.1 g, 
  • Vitamin A 7200 micrograms,
  • Vitamin C 9 mg,
  • Potassium 340 mg,
  • Calcium 24 mg, 
  • Sodium 1 mg, 
  • Cholesterol 0 mg. 
  • Iron 0.8 mg, 
  • zinc 0.3 mg, 
  • phosphorus 44 mg.

Health benefits : 

Increases immunity

Pumpkin is a very beneficial vegetable to boost the body’s immunity. The antioxidant vitamin E in  pumpkin reduces the human body’s risk of cancer and Alzheimer’s disease. In addition, vitamin-C in this vegetable helps to prevent colds, coughs and colds by increasing immunity.

Reduces weight

Pumpkin is a suitable food to lose weight as it is low in calories and high in fiber. Those who are worried about their excess body weight can eat pumpkin.

Controls high blood pressure

 Those who suffer from high blood pressure can eat Pumpkin. Because Pumpkin has a lot of potassium, which helps the body to control high blood pressure. In addition,  pumpkins are rich in vitamin-C which helps in controlling blood pressure

Brightness the skin

Pumpkin also helps to brighten the skin. Vitamin A and C in pumpkin keep hair and skin well. So for bright hair and shiny skin you can eat pumpkin regularly. Pumpkin also helps to prevent the impression of age. In addition, these vegetables contain a lot of zinc which keeps the immune system healthy and helps prevent osteoporosis.

Helps in digestion of food

Pumpkins are perfectly digested because they contain a lot of fiber.  Pumpkin plays an important role in increasing digestion and relieving constipation. There is no comparison to Pumpkin in controlling diarrhea and providing proper digestive tract food.

Prevents anemia in pregnant women

Pumpkin and pumpkin seeds prevent the anemia of pregnant mothers and reduce the chances of premature delivery, so pregnant mothers can eat pumpkin without hesitation for the health of their unborn child.

In addition, various ingredients of pumpkin keep the body’s kidneys, liver and heart healthy, chronic pain including arthritis pain. Pumpkin fiber protects against the risk of stroke by keeping cholesterol levels in the body.

Production technology :

Pumpkin is an annual creeping plant. Pumpkin roots are wide enough. Young Pumpkins can be used as vegetables and ripe fruits can be used as vegetables for a long time. Ripe fruits can be stored in a dry room at normal temperature for about 4-6 months.

Characteristics of soil

Pumpkins have good yield in silt soils. Organic rich loam or clay loam is good for cultivation. The optimum soil PH for pumpkin is 5.5-6.6. 

Cultivation season

Pumpkin seeds can be sown at any time of the year in the climate of Bangladesh. October to December is the best time for winter crops and February to May is the best time for summer crops, but mid-November is the best time to sow seeds.

Seedling production

Seedling production in polybags

  Poly Bags 3×4 inch (8×10 (cm)) polybags are used to produce pumpkin seedlings.

 Use perforated poly bags for drainage of excess water.

Sowing seeds in polybags

 First make soil by mixing half soil and half dung. To ensure seed germination in the soil, it should be filled in polybags to ensure “joe” (if there is no “joe” in the soil, it should be “joe” with water).

 Then you have to sow two seeds in each bag. Seeds should be buried deep in the soil twice the size of the seed.

The amount of seeds

Pumpkin cultivation requires 2.5 grams of seeds per decimal land. 

Fertilizer quantity and method of application (kg per decimal land)

Fertilizer use for medium fertile land is – 

Compost / Compost  24 

Urea   0.44 

TSP  0.7 

MOP  0.52 

Gypsum  0.32 

Zinc  0.03 

Boric acid  0.03 

Magnesium  0.1 

Mustard oil cake  1.6

Application method

Organic manure, TSP, zinc, magnesium and half of boric acid should be applied while preparing the main soil. The other half should be applied to organic manure, TSP, zinc, magnesium and boric acid. Urea and MOP should be divided into three equal parts, first part at the time of sowing, second part after 15-20 days and third part after 35-40 days.

Planting seedlings

Seedling age: 15-16 days old seedlings are good for planting in the field.

The polybag should be cut with a blade along the fold and the polybag should be removed. After planting the seedlings should be watered in the hole.

Artificial pollination in fruit bearing growth

Pumpkin yield can be increased by 25-30 percent through artificial pollination. Its flowers bloom very early in the morning. In this case artificial pollination should be completed by 9 am.

Harvesting:

Depending on the variety and climate, it takes 75-80 days after sowing of pumpkin mature seeds.

Yield:

If cultivated with care, good quality pumpkin yields 18-20 tons per acre.

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