NUTRITION FACTS, HEALTH BENEFITS AND PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF TOMATO
Many people think that food and nutrition are the same. In fact, it is a misconception. Because food may not be nutritious, but nutrition must be included in food. You need to eat nutritious food like Tomato, Letuce, Carrot etc to stay healthy and strong. The contribution of vegetables in meeting its demand is important. Vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals as well as many other nutrients.
Nutrients increase the body’s resistance to disease, bring appetite. In addition, it helps in increasing digestion and eliminating constipation. According to nutritionists, an adult needs to eat 200 grams of vegetables daily. But we eat only 60-70 grams. Most of the people in our country are suffering from physical and mental ailments due to this combination of increasing demand and low rate of supply . Most of them are children and women. About 80 percent of the population, especially girls, suffer from iron deficiency anemia.
Vitamin A deficiency causes blindness in more than 30,000 children a year. But the biggest obstacle to good health is our ignorance and unawareness about the source of nutrients.Those who eat day to day are not the only ones who suffer from malnutrition. Even wealthy children nowadays suffer from eye site problems due to not eating vegetables; That is why they are being forced to wear glasses.
However, various vegetables including kachushak, kalmi shak, helencha, sajina available at a cheap rate provide nutrition to the needy people. That is why it is necessary to know about the nutritional and medicinal properties of different vegetables as well as their production technology to meet the demand of nutrition.
Nutrition of Tomato
Each 100 grams of tomato contains-
0.9 grams of protein;
3.8 grams of sugar,
0.6 m. Gram fiber,
0.2 m. Gram fat,
20 kcal energy
48 m. Gram calcium
20 m. Gram phosphorus
0.64 m. Gram iron,
351 micrograms of carotene and 28 m. Gram Vitamin ‘C’.
Health benefits of TOMATO :
- Tomato lycopene boosts the body’s immune system, and is effective in preventing cancer and heart disease.
- Those who are always weak or feel weak will benefit from eating ripe tomatoes in the morning and in the afternoon or eating juice.
- Those who have less or hard stools, they eat two / one tomato in the morning and afternoon. The problem will come down.
- Those who have various skin diseases or reduced smoothness. They will benefit by eating tomato salad or eating juice.
- Regular consumption of tomatoes keeps the stomach and intestines healthy and strong.
- Those who have less appetite and hunger, they will find it very beneficial to cut the tomato into pieces and consume it with dried ginger powder
- Tomatoes help to keep the urinary tract neutral. As a result bladder infections and stones do not form.
- People who have anemia will be benefited from eating a large ripe tomato regularly every day
Production technology of Tomato:
Seed and seedbed soil treatment :
Tomatoes are being cultivated by making seedlings. For this, seedlings have to be sown in the seedbed and seedlings have to be grown there. In order to succeed in tomato cultivation, the purchased seeds or the seeds kept at home should be refined first.
If possible, a germination test should be done before sowing in the seedbed. Many times the soil in the seedbed may also contain some pathogens. For example, seedling decay or damping off disease germs. These pathogens can also attack the seedlings. That is why it is better to purify the soil under the seedbed before sowing seeds .
Seeds can be purified in several ways. It is really easy to clean or purify the seeds by soaking them in hot water. Soaking tomato seeds in warm water at 50o C for 30 minutes kills the bacteria and fungi that cling to or inside the seeds. Then the soaked seeds should be picked up, dried in the shade and sown in the field. Cultivating the soil in the seedbed and mixing it with organic manure and keeping it well covered with polythene for two weeks kills many germs in the soil in the heat of the sun and purifies the soil in the seedbed. If you don’t have time, spread the wood powder 3 inches thick on the soil of the seedbed and set it on fire.
Seedlings preparation :
Tomatoes can be grown by sowing seeds directly on the land. However, in order to get good yield, seedlings should be prepared separately and planted in the main land. For this, it is necessary to prepare the seedbed by clearing the sunny high places and cultivating the soil well. After cultivation, we must make a bed 1 m wide by leveling the soil. It is good to make the bed 3-5 meters. This is the benefit of care. Seeds can be sown in the seedbed by broadcasting method. For broadcasting, it usually takes 100-150 grams of seed per square meter of seedbed. It takes 7-14 days for seedlings to germinate from seed.
Time of seed sowing:
Seeds should be sown for winter tomato cultivation in the month of Kartik-Agrahayan. Seeds should be sown in Shravan-Bhadra month for cultivation.
Land preparation of tomato:
The land needs to be plowed 4-5 times and the soil needs to be plowed with a ladder. Tomato production requires making beds 20-25 cm high and 230 cm wide in range. In order to facilitate irrigation, a 30 cm ditch has to be placed between the two beds.
Distance for planting seedlings :
25-30 day aged seedlings should plant in rows of 60×40 cm in each bed.
seedling planting time:
For winter tomatoes, seedlings can be planted from mid-Kartik to the 1st week of Magh (November to mid-January). However, planting time should be brought forward for early cultivation. Seedlings should be planted in Bhadra-Ashwin month for early cultivation and Falgun month for Nabi cultivation and in Chaitra-Baisakh month for summer cultivation.
The amount of fertilizer for tomato cultivation:
The following fertilizers are to be applied per hectare for tomato production. However, it is better to recommend fertilizer after examining the soil.
Urea 500-600 (kg/ha)
TSP 400-500 (kg/ha)
MOP 200-300 (kg/ha)
Dung 8-12 tons
Fertilizer application method
Half of dung manure and all TSP manure should be sprinkled on the land at the time of last cultivation. The remaining dung should apply in the hole or pit before planting. Urea and MOP should be applied in two equal installments after lateral pruning in the 3rd week and 5th week of planting. When deficiency symptoms will show, gypsum, Borate, zinc sulphate, boric acid powder and magnesium sulphate fertilizers should also be applied.
Intercultural operation : A shaped bamboo pole with dead leaf pruning is needed for tomato plants. Irrigation can also be given if necessary. When virus disease occurs, the tree should be removed from the area or from the population of the plant. Necessary measures should be taken to cure or prevent other diseases. Even if insects appear, the suitable measures must be taken.
Crop collection and yield:
Harvesting time takes 2-4 months depending on the variety and planting time. Tomatoes can be picked both ripe and raw. However, tomatoes which are ripe or red should not be picked to send away, and it is not advisable or permissible to use artificial hormones to ripen or bring good color to the tomatoes. Generally, Yield is 20-40 tons per hectare for Tomato.