PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY, CARE & ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF GERBERA
Gerbera is an important commercial flower under Asteraceae family. The flower is named according to the German environmentalist Trogot Gerber. It is one of the top 10 cut flowers in the international flower market.
40 species are present under the genus Gerbera. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute has developed two varieties of Bari Gerbera -1 and Bari Gerbera -2
Gerbera is a hardy tree and grows in almost all types of climates. It is recommended to cultivate this flower in open space in tropical areas and in greenhouses in tropical areas.
In Bangladesh, gerberas are cultivated in the open field or in the open during the winter. It is cultivated and polished during summer. Cultivation in a controlled environment although the cost is high, it is important to cultivate gerbera in a controlled environment to increase the quality and yield of flowers and protect them from pests.
Bright sunlight helps the plant to grow and produce quality flowers. But for better flower production in summer, light shade (30%) has to be provided. The optimum daytime temperature for gerbera is 18-20 ͦc and the night temperature is 10-20 ͦc. It is true that flowers come to the tree at high temperatures, but the flowers are not of good quality.
Well-drained, fertile loamy or sandy loamy soils are ideal for cultivation. If The pH value of the soil is between 5.5-6.0, it will be good for Gerbera production. Gerbera land needs to have a lot of organic manure, so it should be applied moderate amounts of dung manure, Farm Yard Manure, leaf manure, coco dust, etc.
Gerbera can be propagated through seeds. The tree produced in this method does not retain all the qualities of the mother plant, but the method is simple. There is less possibility of disease and insect attack if we use the seed for Gerbera production.
Division of clumps:
Reproduction can be done by dividing mother plant clumps. For this purpose, the well-established and fully grown trees of the field are divided into small sections with sharp knives.
The leaves and roots of these suckers are tightly pruned and then planted in new beds.
Above the two methods are not very useful for commercial cultivation. The tissue culture method is the best for getting a large number of disease-free gerbera seedlings within a short time. For this, to get good results you have to select the right variety first. Later, it is possible to produce numerous seedlings by repeatedly sub-culturing the growing shoots, flower buds, leaves, etc. as implants.
An adequate amount of organic manure should apply to the land. Then the land should be prepared by fine tilth by cultivating it several times in horticulture and long way at a depth of 40-45 cm. As a result, all the organic fertilizers will mix with the soil very perfectly.
For gerbera, the height of the bed is 20 cm and the width of the bed should be 1.0-1.2cm. There should be a 50 cm drainage ditch between the two beds so that water does not log in the land. Since flowers are usually harvested in a period of 2 years after planting, care should be taken while preparing the land and beds.
When the bed is made, the suckers should be planted, keeping a distance of 50 cm from row to row and 40 cm from tree to tree, understanding the variety and the type of growth. The seedlings should be placed in the ground in such a way that the crown or central growing point of the seedlings is above the surface level. If the crown goes under the ground, there is a possibility of footrot infection.
Gerbera can be planted all year round but seedlings should be planted in October-November to get better flowers and higher yields.
Since gerbera roots penetrate deep, it is better to give flood irrigation instead of repeated sprinkler irrigation. Care should be taken while irrigating the water so that waterlogging does not occur. This is because water logging in the gerbera fields accelerates soil-borne diseases, When there is a lack of water in the soil, the tree falls wilting, in which case the flower stalks become smaller. In order to facilitate ventilation, after each irrigation, Joe has to break the hard crust with a hoe.
Gerbera is a fast-growing flower crop.
A moderate amount of fertilizer should be applied to regular intervals to ensure the growth of the plant and get maximum yield from the plant. When new roots start sprouting after planting, balanced fertilizer should be applied.
Apply 10 tons of compost dung/ compost, 2 tons of coco dust, 350 kg of urea, 250 kg of TSP, and 300 kg of Murate of Potash, 165 kg of gypsum, 12 kg of boric acid, and zinc oxide fertilizer per hectare.
Fertilizers other than compost dung/ compost and urea should be mixed well with the soil 10-15 days before planting. Half of the urea fertilizer should be applied 25 days after planting of sugarcane and the other half should be applied 45 days after planting sugarcane with a little distance around the base of the plant. Irrigation should be given after topical application.
Care of Gerbera:
Care tips for indoor gerbera daisy:
- Water the plant when the topsoil feels dry.
- Feed the plant regularly during spring and summer as it is the blooming season.
- Any blooms that wilt to promote regrowth have to remove it.
- Should transfer the plant in a large pot, if it grows bigger.
- Should keep the leaves dry by watering at the base.
- In the winter season, water the plant sparingly.
Care tips for outdoor gerbera daisy:
- Deeply water the plant once a week.
- Water in the morning so that the soil can dry throughout the day.
- Keep in an area with full sunlight.
- Always use micronutrient-rich soil fertilizer.
- And lastly, be sure to trim the plant after the bloom starts to wilt to help new blooms grow.
Economic Benefits of Gerbera:
Nowadays, about 16,000 farmers are cultivating flowers in the country. 12 thousand acres of land has come under floriculture. During the festival, or the national day, flowers worth around Tk 600 crore is being provided by the farmers of the country for their daily needs.
Traders say the demand for flowers in the country is increasing with the increase in people’s income. The festivals are now being celebrated more pompously. Flowers are being decorated on different occasions. Different business establishments, family events are not happening without flavors. Even at home, people are now putting fresh flowers in vases.
Flowers are cultivated in different districts of the country including Jessore, Jhenaidah, Chuadanga, Mymensingh, Savar, Gazipur, Singair of Manikganj, Meherpur, Rangamati, Tangail, Narayanganj. Roses, tuberose, marigold, gladiolus, and gerbera are more commercially grown.
As traders, about 2 million people are involved in the floriculture business, not just farming, but transport sales. The Bangladesh tariff commission prepared a report in 2015 on the country’s flower market and export potential. According to the report, a farmer earns a profit of Tk. 25 lakh a year by cultivating gerbera on one acre of land. Apart from this, farmers can make a profit of two lakh rupees for rose cultivation, one lakh rupees for marigold cultivation, and one lakh rupees for gladiolus cultivation. As it is clear that gerbera cultivation is much more economically beneficial than other flowers, it is also a long-lasting flower compared to others and has lots of eye color available for this flower. So its demand is growing higher day by day.