Top 10 Most Widely Used Medicinal Plants in Bangladesh and Their diversified Benefits
The plants which are used for medicinal purposes known as medicinal plants. The Discovery of medicines began through man’s quest for drugs in nature. As plants existed on earth from the very beginning of human evolution man used them for various purposes from the beginning.
The use of plants in alleviating human suffering is as old as human civilization on earth. The uses of medicinal plants have passed down from ancestors to predecessors. The most common use of medicinal plants is still in treating common cold, cough, common fever, sinus infection and skin infections, etc. People still follow these remedies in conditions that are not generally regarded as life-threatening. These are the most traditional and widely used sources of treatment of any diseases. The benefits of the most widely used medicinal plants in Bangladesh are as follows-
Amla reduces the frequency and severity of heartburn and vomiting. Its high vitamin C content may have some promising anti-aging benefits. It is so useful for skin, hair, and vision development. Extracts of amla may play a role in cancer prevention due to their antioxidant activity. It also helps to prevent cell mutations that lead to tumor growth and cancer. Amla also promotes heart health. Amla regulates endothelial function. It has anti-inflammatory effects. It can normalize blood fat. It reduces blood pressure. It has anti-platelet effects. Due to its vitamin C content, amla may have some immune-strengthening effects. It may also help our body to develop protective antibodies against the perceived threats.
Arjuna helps to release chest pain (angina). The bark of Arjuna reduces chest pain by lowering the level of cortisol. It also increases exercise tolerance, improves HDL levels, and also reduces the blood pressure of people with stable angina. It helps to remove the blockage of heart channels as well as reduces Ama. It is very effective in dealing with cardiac problems such as high blood pressure, palpitations, and rapid heartbeat. It is also useful to manage lung problems like infection, cough, asthma, and bronchitis. It also reduces the burning sensation and gives a cooling effect at the time of urination.
It is one and the only medicinal plant which is equally effective in diseases of all body systems as it nourishes the body deeply. Its fruit pulp nourishes the eyes, hairs and indicated in hoarseness of voice. It also acts as mild so it can be used in insomnia also. Its fruit powder is analgesic, anti-inflammatory and also gives black color to skin and hair. Oil extracted from seed works as a hair tonic. It reduces excessive thirst. Bahera fruit pulp works as a blood coagulant. Its pulp is intoxicant and analgesic.
4. The Basak one of the most widely used medicinal plants in Bangladesh
It is very potent in antitussive properties. It’s very effective to give relief from a cough. It has anti-inflammatory characteristics. It also helps to reduce asthma and inflammation of the airways and lungs. Furthermore, it eases the breathing process and reduces wheezing due to asthma. It also contains anti-bacterial and anti-microbial properties. Therefore, it is so helpful in many bacterial infections of the respiratory system. It also has an anti-viral medicinal property which makes it effective in many viral diseases. It reduces the inflammation of the sinuses. It also helps to reduce the blockage of sinuses and removes pus or fluid from them. It helps to reduce the inflammation of bronchial tubes. It also clears the bronchial tubes and reduces a cough, production of sputum, fatigue, breathlessness, and chest discomfort associated with bronchitis. It has anti-ulcer property. It shows good results in reducing dyspepsia, gastritis, or acidity.
Aloe vera has diversified used in our society. It is a mostly used medicinal plant. It contains healthful plant compounds. It is very useful to treat skin injuries. It shows antioxidant and antibacterial properties. A powerful antioxidant that contains Aloe vera gel belongs to the polyphenol group that helps to inhibit the growth of certain bacteria that can cause infections in humans. It accelerates the wound healing process. It helps to reduce dental plaque. It can accelerate the healing of mouth ulcers. It also reduced the pain associated with them. It helps to reduce constipation. It is useful to improve skin and prevent wrinkles. It is also used as a remedy for diabetes. It helps to improve blood sugar management. It protects from ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. It has a protective effect on skin damage after radiation therapy.
6. Kalo Megh
It promotes as a dietary supplement for cancer prevention and cure. It reduces the cough and sore throat in some people with the common cold. It reduces pain and stiffness in people with mild or moderate osteoarthritis of the knee. It is effective to reduce fever and pain from tonsillitis. It also helps to reduce allergies, anorexia, diabetes, flu (influenza), heart disease, HIV/AIDS, infections, liver problems, parasites, sinus infections, skin diseases, Ulcer.
Neem is a widely used medicinal plant in Bangladesh. It is a strong antioxidant, neutralizing free radicals which may influence the development of some conditions. It also acts as a strong anti-inflammatory agent. It has antimicrobial effects and so effective against several types of bacteria, viruses, and fungi. It has an anti-dandruff effect. It reduces the pain from a toothache and improves dental health by cleaning the teeth and gums and alleviating gingivitis.
Satamuli is so helpful for improving female reproductive health. It is also used to treat female health conditions, specifically reproductive disorders. It helps to reduce the symptoms of menopause. It has antioxidant effects. It is helpful for breastfeeding mothers and pregnant women. It is also helpful for reducing gastric ulcers and indigestion. It also works on pain, anxiety, Stomach spasms, Upset stomach, etc.
Thankuni is a very common medicinal plant that grows everywhere in Bangladesh. It helps to boost cognitive function. It is helpful for Alzheimer’s disease. It helps to reduce anxiety and stress. It acts as antidepressants. It helps to improve circulation and reduce swelling. A positive metabolic effect on the connective tissue of the vascular wall is caused by it. It helps to ease insomnia. It helps to reduce the appearance of stretch marks. It helps to heal any existing marks. It also promotes wound healing and minimizes scarring. It may help to relieve joint pain.
(Ocimum tenuiflorum )
Tulsi helps to relieve anxiety and improve moods. Tulsi may help to keep cholesterol in check. Tulsi had significant cholesterol-lowering and antioxidants. It prevents lifestyle-related chronic diseases including diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and psychological stress. Tulsi contains many beneficial compounds including:
- Eugenol: Which contains pain-relieving properties
- Ursolic and rosmarinic acid: This compound contains antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-aging properties
- Apigenin: That helps the body removes waste at the cellular level
- Lutein: That is important for eye health
- Ocimumosides A and B: Those are reduced stress and maintain the balance of neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine.